Patch Motion is a very fast, auto-tuning patch-based local motion correction method built on top of cryoSPARC's original
Local Motion Correction method (a variant of alignparts).
Patch Motion performs the functions of both
Full-frame Motion Correction and
Local Motion Correction in one job. Particle locations are not needed beforehand. The job outputs non-dose weighted and dose-weighted micrographs, ready for CTF Estimation using the new
Patch CTF job.
Performance: Less than 10s/movie (single GPU) for both full-frame and local anisotropic motion correction. Uses less than 10GB of GPU RAM, allowing for large movies to be processed seamlessly on commonly available GPUs. Multi-GPU mode also available. Natively supports parallelized TIFF and MRC.BZ2 decompression.
Patch CTF fits a locally-variable CTF landscape to each micrograph and is based on new robust methods for reference-free background and CTF envelope estimation, and LBFGS optimization to maximize simulated 2D CTF fit. Particle locations are not needed. Together these enable
Patch CTF to work very well on tilt data, bent/deformed ice, exposures containing very small particles, phase plate data and a range of defocus values.
Performance: Outputs per-particle local CTF estimates in ~3s/micrograph (single GPU). Multi-GPU mode also available.
You will need to import raw movies using the
Import Movies job, ensuring you specify the
Gain reference path if available,
Raw pixel size (A),
Accelerating voltage (kV),
Spherical aberration (mm) and
Total exposure dose (e/A^2). If movies have been previously imported, you can start this workflow directly.
Build a new
Patch Motion Correction job and drag in the imported movies as Inputs. You can choose to limit processing to a certain number of movies by entering an integer value in
Only process this many movies. This parameter is useful if you want to understand motion from a subset of movies in a large dataset.
Queued and running, rigid and patch motion trajectory plots can be viewed in the job streamlog for each exposure (example below). The job will output dose weighted and non-dose weighted micrographs as a single output group. (Check out this tutorial on Inputs and Outputs in cryoSPARC to learn more about working with individual outputs.)
Drag and drop the motion-corrected micrographs into a new
Patch CTF job.
Queued and running, you can view progress and diagnostic plots in the streamlog:
The 3D surface plot above shows the local defocus estimated across the micrograph. Units of the X Y and Z axes are all Angstroms.
The 1D CTF fit plot shows the fit between the simulated and observed Thon rings in the micrograph (correcting for defocus variations and astigmatism). The light blue line indicates the cross-correlation fit level, and the CTF fit resolution is the resolution at which this value drops below a threshold.
If working with fresh movies for which no particle locations are available, or if you wish to perform picking again, you can proceed to particle picking using the
Manual Picker, New
Blob-Based Picker or
Template Picker. (NB. CryoSPARC's new Blob Picker is a fully automatic picker that uses circular and/or elliptical blobs in less than 1s/micrograph on a single GPU.)
Following picking, particles can be extracted using
Extract from Micrographs. This job will also extract local CTF values from the Patch CTF model that has been estimated. Note that
Local Motion Correction no longer needs to be performed. If you already have a group of extracted particles in an existing project, and have only re-computed the Patch CTF for corresponding micrographs, you can proceed to re-extract only the CTF values per-particle using a
Patch CTF Extraction job, ensuring you drag the CTF-estimated exposures and particle locations as inputs. This will leave previously extracted or local-motion-corrected particle data intact.